controller. ii)The time taken and energy dissipated in the motor when it is stopped by plugging. tractive effort of the HSM 814 does not exceed 7777 kilos. EVENT RECORDER REGULATIONS 1. Different types of Electric Locomotives are in operation in Indian Railways for passenger and goods services. (4905 N and 735. The tractive effort at the edge of the pinion is transferred to the driving wheel by means of a gear wheel. All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so don't worry about it. Explore Pile Foundation with Free Download of Seminar Report and PPT in PDF and DOC Format. On the other hand, because of better pullpush - relationships for the tracked vehicles, the magnitude of pull and coefficient of traction at maximum tractive efficiency are much higher than the wheeled vehicle [4]. If the power curve Pr is moved to the left relative to the resistance curve PR the maximum road speed will be reduced,. A detailed model of the forces which act at a wheel due to contact with the rail is developed taking account of the non-linearities due to geometry and creep force saturation. ]Z r Fne [kN (3. procedure within one time step is explained: To calculate the train driving dynamics OpenTrack normally uses the tractive effort characteristics of its own database. 00 Total tractive effort required by both front wheels, FTf (N) 7. basic electric motor questions and answers basic electrical machines interview questions and answers pdf basic electrical machines objective questions and answers basic electrical machines questions and answers pdf basic electrical machines questions answers design of electrical machines previous year questions design of electrical machines. TIRLIFT TC and TL winches can be equipped with the following electric, mechanical or protection options : The winch can be mounted on the ground (position A), onto a wall (positions B and D) and on the ceiling (position C). 4 Rolling Resistance 12 2. The application of D'Alembert's principle is thus the application of Newton's second and third laws of motion with the inertial reaction ma, considered as an external force. Increased tractive effort: The new loaders feature more tractive effort. 9 Principles of Braking 26 2. Write various losses in steam turbines. Mannering and Scott S. A typical high speed train TE versus speed diagram is shown below. Constant Power and Tractive –Effort / Road-Speed Curves • Power at the roadwheel is the product of tractive effort and velocity it follows that tractive effort is proportional to the power and inversely proportional to the road speed. Leading truck wheels of a 2­8­0 steam locomotive bear some of the locomotive's total weight, but they do not affect tractive effort. 6 Available Tractive Effort 15 2. The tractive effort (TE) ratio for the baseline vehicle is given in. This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search box in the header. Tractive effort determines how much a locomotive can haul. Calculate i)The time taken and energy dissipated in the motor during starting. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is considered for design validation. 7 Speed Reverse 452 9. Dashed line corresponds to 90 km/h (56 mph), the electronic speed limit requirement for HGVs in the EU1. Analysis and Design of Prestressed Box Girder Bridge by IRC: 112-2011 International Journal of Constructive Research in Civil Engineering (IJCRCE) Page | 3 of the nodes to the node forces between elements and, in the same way that slope defection equations. When changing to a larger size tire, please leave about two inches of clearance between the tire and any machine parts that it comes close to. The Aspect of Vector Control Using the Asynchronous Traction Motor in Locomotives. The welded chassis aids in superior weight distribution, which further enhances stability, grading, tractive effort and provides a smoother ride. power to the ground and maximize tractive effort • Robust design helps lead to fewer failures and more up time • Bucket geometry allow for easy filling • Ergonomically designed large operators compartment with excellent visibility and easy to operate controls The suite of Joy loaders includes models that suit a range of small-to-large. Introduction 1. When changing to a larger size tire, please leave about two inches of clearance between the tire and any machine parts that it comes close to. 3 Calculation for graph vehicle performance curve 16 3. Winton Brown's Engineering Data Page 4 L = stroke in feet which from Table II shows that a 2½-inch stroke is 0. (adhesion) even though the locomotive may be capable of producing much more tractive effort at low speed. body is on an incline. 5 Maximum front wheel tractive force before slip, Ffwmumax (N) 7. Hi there again, I am trying to correctly calculate the tractive effort pf a train, currently i do this: Power/speedMpS = TractiveEffort I got that from here. Available Tractive Effort The minimum of: 1. org 41 | Page 45. (b) the work done during the period of the acceleration (c) the average power developed Your task is: 1. Stavropol State Agrarian University, Zootekhnicheskiy lane 12, Stavropol 355017, Russia. A database organizes locomotives into groups called depots. Tractive effort on all three materials will be equal when the railheads are polished and clean, but oxide buildup on Brass and even more so on Steel increases the possible tractive effort on these materials. Therefore all areas of operation can be covered. Very roughly, the 57 000 lbf point on the SW900 tractive effort curve corresponds to a speed of 3 mile/h. The continuous tractive effort of a diesel­electric locomotive is less than its starting tractive effort because it has no leading or trailing wheels. Tractive effort and Resistance to motion Tractive effort Resistance to motion I have extended the speed range on the graph to show the point where the resistance to motion gets larger than the tractive effort. and total resistance; also predict by near a spe- cific failure and control it by get back system perform- ance modification. 2 Drives with Permanent Magnet Motors 453 9. Our initial product offering is the model TP56; an industrial switcher that offers better fuel savings, low maintenance, greater tractive effort with sufficient horsepower. Locomotive tractive-effort and duty cycle calculation, Power requirement calculations. Sixty mph equates to 88 feet-per-second, divided by 7. Also determine free float and independent float for each activity. Winton Brown's Engineering Data Page 4 L = stroke in feet which from Table II shows that a 2½-inch stroke is 0. Calculate the vehicle's rate of acceleration. This tool has been used greatly by the Author during the project and new features were added as they were needed. com, "Principles of Highway Engineering and Traffic Analysis" By Fred L. ft tons torque track tractive effort triangle. For obtaining train motion without slipping tractive effort F should be less than or t athe most equal to µW where µ the coefficient of adhesion between the wheel is and the track and W is the weight of the train on the driving axles (called the adhesive weight). Railroad cars can carry a significant amount of weight, but railroads have to determine how many and what types of engines to use, based on the weight of the cargo being hauled. However, at a low speed, the adhesion limit becomes an important factor because the maximum tractive effort that the locomotives can develop to pull the train is the product of the locomotive weight and the adhesion limit. The IRFCA Server. GE Transportation delivered first DC to AC modernization for Class 1. (360 kW) 6. heritagetrolley. Vehicle acceleration = Tractive effort - Total resistance affecting the movement of vehicle. First we need enough power on the wheels and second enough weight to prevent the wheels from spinning. Tractive Effort (TE) and Tractive Resistance (TR) Tractive effort (TE): If the rear wheels of the vehicle in the figure are driven with no slip taking place between the tires and the level road surface, the wheel force or the tractive effort (TE) is equal to the torque at the driven wheels (T w) divided by the rolling radius or effective radius (R w). The tractive force between a car wheel and the surface can be expressed as. It is necessary to determine the total tractive effort requirement of the vehicle. VEHICLE DATA SHEETS All of the production light tanks in the U. Tractive effort = 510KN Breaking force for Axle = 25% of Axle load (245. 4 tractive mode and more specifically quantify the potential safety hazard at impending skid conditions 5 for control road geometry parameters and vehicle speed at and below the suggested relevant design 6 speed value. TRANS-01, Speedometer, Gear Ratio, and Tire Size Calculator These calculations will not only help you determine your speedometer error, but will also help you determine your maximum speed in any gear for a given gear set. 3% grade with 111,900-lb Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW): Tractive effort = Total rolling resistance + (0. It is necessary to mention that accuracy of curve determination to replace experimentally obtained points depends on the fact that locomotive tractive effort values are expressed in kN and minor deviations from experimentally obtained values are important in traction-energy calculations (those of train. 60 % operating factor and tropicalised as a standard for greater longevity. The equation to calculate tractive effort is: TE = effective machine weight x adhesion coefficient. Centripetal and centrifugal acceleration - forces due to circular motion. • For the efforts of membrane N , a positive value means tractive effort • For the moment of inflection M , a positive value translates a tensile stress into bottom fibre of the element. Calculate the vehicle's rate of acceleration. It is well understood that for the vehicle power train design, the targets are always to achieve minimum fuel. Input track and soil parameters. Weight is important: 9Tractive effort is a function of weight and coefficient of traction. My main problem so far is finding out about these variables. For a railway to operate efficiently and safely, its locomotives should be powerful enough to accelerate their trains rapidly to the maximum allowed line speed, and the braking systems must be able to bring a train reliably to a standstill at a station or signal, even on an adverse gradient. • Define traction system efficiency. = Rolling resistance on level terrain. 2 A Contribution to Understanding Automotive Fuel Economy and Its Limits 8 2. The evaluation of creep forces is a complex task and their calculation is a time-consuming process for multibody simulation (MBS). The designers agreed upon the 4-8-8-4 design. Examine a free body diagram Maximum Tractive Effort L= wheelbase h= height of the center of gravity l f, l r. Gradeability for Automobiles www. Connected with the OpenPowerNet simulator OpenTrack stops at this point and sends a calculation request to the connected electrical network and propulsion simulation. The starter pack contains engine and gearbox files that VECTO needs for simulation. It is desirable that area-2 absorbs itsown load change while not allowing the frequency to drift. Knowledge and understanding of off-road-vehicle,. It is necessary to mention that accuracy of curve determination to replace experimentally obtained points depends on the fact that locomotive tractive effort values are expressed in kN and minor deviations from experimentally obtained values are important in traction-energy calculations (those of train. TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 773: Capacity Modeling Guidebook for Shared-Use Passenger and Freight Rail Operations provides state departments of transportation with technical guidance to aid in their understanding of the methods host railroads use to calibrate and apply capacity models. Incremental capital is confined to Rolling Stock utilised for movement of trains. (By the way, the term "tractive effort" is supposed to imply "at the wheel rim", as opposed to "at the locomotive coupler". 49 S nQ AR =. This is to certify that the thesis entitled "DESIGN OF AN AUTOMATIC TROLLEY" submitted to the National Institute of Technology, Rourkela by ANSH MAHIL, Roll No. High compaction force provides more productivity in medium-to-thick lifts up to 61 cm. • A curve of constant power will produce an ideal form of tractive effort curve. Specific tractive effort & specific moving resistance - Calculate the specific tractive effort - Calculate the moving resistance - Use it for comparison ﺔﯿﻋﻮﻨﻟا ﺮﯿﺴﻤﻟا تﺎﻣوﺎﻘﻣو ﺔﯿﻋﻮﻨﻟا ﻊﻓﺪﻟا ةﻮﻗ تارﺎﯿﺴﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﯿﻋﻮﻨﻟا ﻊﻓﺪﻟا ةﻮﻗ بﺎﺴﺣ-. The surplus force accelerates the vehicle. Regardless of the machine's function, proper design and service can extend the life of the undercarriage. Operating conditions like gradient, curvature etc varies from one place to other on Indian. 𝑊𝑓 = Weight @front wheel 𝑊𝑟 = Weight @rear wheel 𝐹 𝑓 =Traction force at front 𝐹 𝑟 =Traction force at rear 𝑅 𝑓 =Rolling resistance at front 𝑅 𝑟. This report builds on previous work and investigates the viability and Business Case for a new Station at Cross Hills. Kudari1, Rutuz V. Tractive Effort is a combination of three forces the net tractive effort of the locomotive, the wheel adhesion on the rails, and the high-speed limitation of the train. Moreover, the authors intend to highlight the importance of vehicle horse-power. Optional rear bumper/counterweight provides additional protection and towing capability. of calculations the Author has invested a great deal of effort in creating a train performance calculator. A typical high speed train TE versus speed diagram is shown below. jump to: preface introduction horsepower tractive effort cylinder, port sizes and strength of bolts bolt sizes areas of. Regardless of locomotive power, usable tractive effort is always limited by wheel- rail adhesion. Electric Traction: Requirements of an ideal traction system, systems of traction, Requirements of ideal traction motors, Comparison and Control of traction motors, Mechanics of train movement, Tractive effort for acceleration ,train resistance, gradient, coefficient of adhesion, Speed time curves, Specific energy consumption. no modification of existing tracks is required while converting from steam to diesel-electric traction. • Each track delivers 9,056 ft lbs of tractive effort and comes standard with 2 bar grousers with nylon track pad inserts to tackle any condition • Hydraulically adjusted track tension always ensures tracks have positive tension • Drive sprockets, idlers and rollers are fully sealed and lubricated for life Catwalk lighting. Calculate acceleration of car. , grade, aerodynamic and rolling forces) which make up the tractive effort required at the wheels of the motor vehicle. Tractive efficiency (TE) is the ratio of drawbar power to axle power and can be estimated when slip is known. On Sale Now ! A makeCNC Original 3D Puzzle This is a Great Premium Pattern that will provide Lots of Challenge! The Locomotive GEAC4400CW The GE AC4400CW is a 4,400 horsepower diesel-electric locomotive that was built by GE Transportation Systems between 1993 and 2004. Hi there again, I am trying to correctly calculate the tractive effort pf a train, currently i do this: Power/speedMpS = TractiveEffort I got that from here. Knowledge and understanding of off-road-vehicle,. Based on the EV desired performances, the induction motor optimal power can be calculated. Read online Drive Wheel Motor Torque Calculations - UFL MAE book pdf free download link book now. - Home - Home; Project Suspension Announcement; News; 5AT Website; Website Updates; 5AT Group - 5AT Group; Project Leaders. estimator encounters when wo rking on technical calculations for specific technologies. Record non applicable (N/A) if the pump is not included, and No Port if a diagnostic coupler is not called for on the pump installation documenta-tion. • Calculate wheel reactions. tractive effort on the normal forces between the surfaces of the wedges is included. Christopher Frey*. Regardless of the machine's function, proper design and service can extend the life of the undercarriage. Information about the open-access article 'Specifičnosti vučnog proračuna brzohodnih guseničnih vozila sa hidromehaničkim transmisijama / Particularities of tractive effort calculation of high-speed tracked vehicles with hydromechanical transmissions' in DOAJ. Read online Drive Wheel Motor Torque Calculations - UFL MAE book pdf free download link book now. Tractive force is important! It’s what moves the robot. However, in order to determine which segment of the tractive effort approximation should be used for a given gradient, it is useful first to establish a set of gradient values {J i}. Rope guide New rope guided system “very high performance” for difficult environments. Large Steering Tyres. 1 Maximum Tractive Effort 15 2. The methodology and the various formula adopted are also given. Day 9 of Baja virtual presentation series on Transmission calculations Slide. 7 Power required to propel vehicle 124 Power available 124 11. The maximum permissible traction force that can be applied to the wheels is governed by two things: the weight of the vehicle and the adhesion coefficient between the tire and the road surface. fans and HVAC. Starting tractive effort 162 kN (up to 46 km/h) Starting acceleration, gross 1. 49 S nQ AR =. Self-driving cars usually require reliable and accurate path planning algorithms to operate in. Shailesh A. 7 Speed Reverse 452 9. Created Date:. 85 of the boiler pressure. Pressure, Calculation of Engine Cubic Capacity, Bore and Stroke Length. Get Price Online. On the F7, this is 56,500lbs. 2 Drives with Permanent Magnet Motors 453 9. tractive effort is not required the motors switch to freewheeling mode without external power. ) So our first guess at a TE-vs-speed curve is a hyperbola; as speed decreases, the curve reaches 200,000 pounds at just under 8 mph, and a million pounds at 1. First step is the modeling to make an equation of tractive effort to determine. For slopes, you will need an additional 100 Newton per percent of steepness. Locomotive tractive-effort and duty cycle calculation, Power requirement calculations. Assume truss under consideration is simply supported by a hinge at L 0 and a roller at L 10. The process is 70% efficient. • FEM stability calculation • Detailed design except for wheel sets and traction motors • Supply of welded bogie frames • Static and fatigue limit testing on one bogie frame • Support for tests on finished locomotives Technical data for locomotive • GE Type PH37ACai «PowerHaul» • Axle sequence: Co’Co‘ • Capacity: 2750 kW. The designers agreed upon the 4-8-8-4 design. Tractive effort, Tm, which is produced by the traction motor and braking effort, B, which is produced by braking unit, are inputted from train driver. This assembly connects the superstructure (under frame) and bogies. The transporters hydraulic system has been adjusted to its maximum operating pressure setting of ≅ 6000 psi. For example when you push or pull a lever, slide a piece of furniture, turn a nut with a wrench or a bull dozer pushes a load of soil, the applied force is called an effort. • calculate tractive effort, power, acceleration and velocity of rail and road vehicles; • make estimations of voltages, currents and power of electrical drives for electric transportation;. the information of the Railways. Tractive Effort is the force needed to simply move the train. Irwin Car and Equipment. The Wheel Torque calculated in Step Five is the total wheel torque. 5 COSMOS Works simulation 20 4 RESULT AND DISCUSSION. motors for high starting tractive effort mean outstanding efficiency at the power hyperbola. 3% grade with 111,900-lb Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW): Tractive effort = Total rolling resistance + (0. Principles of Highway Engineering and Traffic Analysis, New Book uploaded on civilengineerspk. With the three cylinder locos the NSW D57/58 class had that, the tractive effort was, D57 class: 64 327lb (286. 1 Traction and Tractive Effort The force available at the contact between drive wheel tyres and road is known as 'Tractive effort". Q7 or Q8,Q9or Q10,and Q11or Q12 from Section-II (3) electronic pocket calculator and steam tables is Obtain complete expression for total tractive effort [8] 2. effort, weighting each one appropriately. The equation to calculate tractive effort is: TE = effective machine weight x adhesion coefficient. Locomotive Tractive Effort Chart based on weight and grade. Alteration A change or substitution in the form, character, or detail of the work done or to be done within the original scope of the Contract. 4 kN Force per chord = 637. This is done by admitting steam-into speed-upthe-fiow-dtsteam and. It was found that the model can fairly ac- curately simulate the relationship between travel time and distance. motions with effective tractive effort utilization. The bearings and axleboxes were manufactured by Deutsche Waffen- und Munitionsfabriken A. Calculation of the Traction Effort of Switching Locomotive Anton Rassõlkin, Hardi Hõimoja Tallinn University of Technology anton. Primarily tractive effort of the locomotive determines the load hauling capacity. ELECTRIC TRACTION: Introduction, requirements of an ideal traction, systems of traction, speed time curve, tractive effort, co-efficient of adhesion, selection of traction motors, method of speed control, energy saving by series parallel control, ac traction equipment. The tractive force between a car wheel and the surface can be expressed as. 0, the weight on drivers would have to be 4. 1 are driven with no slip taking place between the tyres and the level road surface, the propelling force or tractive effort (TE) is equal to the torque at the driven wheels (T r) divided by their leverage, which is termed the rolling radius or effective radius (r). Analysis and Design of Prestressed Box Girder Bridge by IRC: 112-2011 International Journal of Constructive Research in Civil Engineering (IJCRCE) Page | 3 of the nodes to the node forces between elements and, in the same way that slope defection equations. jump to: preface introduction horsepower tractive effort cylinder, port sizes and strength of bolts bolt sizes areas of. procedure within one time step is explained: To calculate the train driving dynamics OpenTrack normally uses the tractive effort characteristics of its own database. The tractive effort (horizontal force) is a critical factor related to the bucket filling. PANDJIRIS, INC 5151 Northrup • St. It is desirable that area-2 absorbs itsown load change while not allowing the frequency to drift. per wheel Total tractive effort = 777 x 6 = 4662 lb. Mannering and Scott S. Tractive effort is typically expressed in terms of percent road grade or in terms of 79 resistance force as a percentage of the Gross Vehicle Operating Weight (GVOW). Second is when the phrase tractive power is incorrectly used in place of tractive force or tractive effort. Total Motor Traction = 0. The basic strategy in reducing or eliminating power hop is to reduce the tractive effort of the front tires by: • Stiffening the front tires by either increasing tire inflation or adding liquid ballast. Weight is important: 9Tractive effort is a function of weight and coefficient of traction. it is available for hauling for about 90% of its working days. 2 Engine-Generated Tractive Effort 18 2. Adjustment-free belts: There are no belt adjustments needed on these loaders – including the drive and alternator belts. A database organizes locomotives into groups called depots. Introduction. beginning of the section it starts to coast, meaning no tractive or braking effort is applied afterwards. • For the efforts of membrane N , a positive value means tractive effort • For the moment of inflection M , a positive value translates a tensile stress into bottom fibre of the element. TE = Tractive Effort RR= Rolling Resistance WR= Wind Resistance Lift. Borule1, Prof. • Softening the rear tires by reducing tire inflation and removing liquid ballast. Designed for entry-level transportation engineering courses, the second edition of this invaluable text manages to provide both an excellent depth of coverage, yet remains concise and highly focused in its presentation and analysis of the issues facing highway engineering and traffic analysis. Available Tractive Effort The minimum of: 1. 8 Forces on a vehicle on a gradient - gradient resistance 126 11. Regardless of locomotive power, usable tractive effort is always limited by wheel- rail adhesion. Example of a station (Olten, Switzerland). This can be particularly useful if you are considering changing to a transaxle with a different set of. Tractive effort, acceleration and braking. Once the tractive effort is found out, the torque and power required at the wheels can be calculated using theMatlab/Simulink® block diagram shown in Fig 8. JCB TRACKED EXCAVATOR | JS220 NC/SC/LC Hard Working by Design ENGINE HYDRAULICS Model Isuzu BB-6BGIT. Force = mass x acceleration. 4 Rolling Resistance 12 2. But it doesnt provide realistic values, so i am wondering, what is the correct way of calculating tractive effort of a train?. This website, meanwhile, provides much of the data needed for the tractive effort/power calculations in the calculator above for a huge range of steam locomotives from all over the world, including a large section on British locomotives. Drawbridge Elevation - Force and Moments. For further Videos visit our youtube channel playlist. , and the radius of the wheel (1/2 the diameter). 6Hrs Unit 02 Clutch: Necessity of clutch in an automobile, different types of clutches, friction clutches namely Single plate clutch, multi plate clutch, cone clutch, centrifugal clutch, electromagnetic. These three stages form a general summary of the fundamenta ls of railway traction. Leading truck wheels of a 2­8­0 steam locomotive bear some of the locomotive's total weight, but they do not affect tractive effort. GE Transportation delivered first DC to AC modernization for Class 1. Adhesion and tractive effort. tractive effort of the HSM 814 does not exceed 7777 kilos. CM-51 Water Brake Chassis Dynamometer aylor Dynamometer aylor Dynamometer CM-51 / Chassis Dynamometer Everything you need to succeed Image shown is for display only, actual CM-51 may vary. • An alternator with high efficiency above 96 % converts the engine power into electric power used for the traction drive and most auxiliaries. 1 Introduction 1. procedure within one time step is explained: To calculate the train driving dynamics OpenTrack normally uses the tractive effort characteristics of its own database. road wheel speed 19 3. Chow’s nomograph can be used to significantly shorted the calculation effort by using the following form of Manning’s equation: 0. Write the importance of (a) economizer and (b) superheater in a boiler and where they will be placed in the boiler. Let's now speed things up a bit, to 20 mphand further define Tractive Power (TP): Tractive Power (TP), also known as Tractive Effort (TE) is only one of the factors used in calculating the relationships between HP, gross train weight and speed. Take one example I have one vehicle which has weight of 500kg. Calculation of wheel-rail forces in railway vehicle dynamics Differences in the calculation of wheel-rail forces in vehicle dynamics and in drive dynamics Model of wheel-rail forces suitable for computer simulation of vehicle and drive dynamics interaction Influence of tractive effort on the wheel-rail forces during curving. In most cases, maximum tractive effort is developed at low speed and may be the same as the starting tractive effort. On the F7, this is 56,500lbs. 35 = 150,150pounds of force = 667. Let us take vehicle model with following specifications. Tractive Force Calculation for a Vehicle Tractive force or tractive effort or traction is the force applied between the tire and road surface to move a car or any vehicle for that matter. ton train, a tractive effort of 135,000 Ibs would be needed. Tractive Effort and Power Calculator Enter input values in boxes below and click 'Calculate' Select English or Metric units for each input parameter The equivalent converted unit is shown in the other (grey) box ↓. Traction Power Load Flow Report (PE) List of Figures. Method of Load Equalisation. It is desirable that area-2 absorbs itsown load change while not allowing the frequency to drift. Rope guide New rope guided system “very high performance” for difficult environments. Research shows that about 20% to 55% of the available tractor energy is wasted at the tractive device/soil interface. It is necessary to determine the total tractive effort requirement of the vehicle. The power required at the drive of a mobile tripper, is derived from the tractive effort required at the drive wheel axle to propel the loaded traveling tripper at the design traverse speed. Calculate i)The time taken and energy dissipated in the motor during starting. using the shearer did not know the tractive effort (force) of the shearer. It is done by reducing the grade, this is known as the grade compensation. Based on a number of input parameters, the headway calculator computes the minimum headway between two trains and is able to identify the critical block section. Graver and H. Where, Ft = tractive force available at tyre or vehicle out which can be converted to tractive. Optional rear bumper/counterweight provides additional protection and towing capability. Calculate an appropriate channel base width (b). Problems should be set which involve. (4) Where F is locomotive tractive effort, µi is an. Tractive effort, Tm, which is produced by the traction motor and braking effort, B, which is produced by braking unit, are inputted from train driver. In robot competitions, it is impor-. So the acceleration becomes: Acceleration = Net tractive effort mass. In variable speed and reversible drive, a flywheel cannot be mounted on the motor shaft as it will increase the transient time of the drive. The magnitude and direction of these forces are calculated for equilibrium curving of a conventional two-axle bogie in curves of 600-1800 m radius, both without traction and for a level of tractive effort of 0. Therefore, kart is operated by an AC or DC motor, running on electricity, produced by chargeable battery. The calculations are. So if we look at an AC6000 compared to an AC4400, assuming the weight, traction motors and gear ratio are all the same, they are likely to haul the same load over a given. method for the calculation of wheel-rail forces developed by the author was extended to get the properties mentioned above and verified by comparisons with measurements. First, a force of 2 to 5 pounds per ton of train weight is required to move on straight level track. 243-509 MECHANICAL PRINCIPLES 2 Level 4 Credits 15. 18 t Secondary transmission of longitudinal forces pivot Traction unit HAB (high-performance drive with brake shaft) Mechanical brake Disk brakes on separate brake shaft. Khorgade1 1-5Student, BE (Mechanical engineering), 2Asst prof. The Wheel Torque calculated in Step Five is the total wheel torque. Equipped with a hydraulically powered mulcher head with a cutting capacity of 98 inches (250cm), the C600 Bull can mulch through stumps and roots with ease. At this level of effort, about how much work did Big Boy do on the (approximately straight) 605-km journey from San Francisco to Los Angeles?. is quadratic, the calculation of maximum speed for a particular gradient reduces to the solution of a quadratic equation. The tractive effort is required to overcome the resistance effort and to accelerate the vehicle. tractive effort, Ftot, is produced by the battery energy in this paper and is transferred through the transmission and final drive to the wheels. Calculation of wheel-rail forces in railway vehicle dynamics Differences in the calculation of wheel-rail forces in vehicle dynamics and in drive dynamics Model of wheel-rail forces suitable for computer simulation of vehicle and drive dynamics interaction Influence of tractive effort on the wheel-rail forces during curving. Therewith the propulsion calculation reflecting all properties and limiting values is performed resulting in torques, revs, tractive forces and train currents. Mathematical modelling of the actual tractor speed considering the drawbar pull: ( ) The actual tractor speed, considering the tractor slip (see section 4) and the variation of wheel. Type Water cooled, 4-stroke, 6-cylinder in-line, direct injection, turbocharged diesel. Tractive effort and resistance are the two main forces that oppose one another and determine the performance of roadway vehicles. Weight is important: 9Tractive effort is a function of weight and coefficient of traction. Headway Calculator / Headway Calculation. As the combustion engine acts as an electrical generator, it can be optimized to a significantly higher level of efficiency. In the last chapter we discussed the equation for approximating tractive effort: While this equation does an excellent job, there are other quirks that the locomotive traction motors have that it doesn't take into account. Locomotive Tractive Effort and Power Calculations TRACTIVE EFFORT CALCULATIONS. Agricultural implements (Seeding machine) may be towed behind or mounted on the load carrying vehicle, and the load carrying vehicle may also provide a. As a result, the maximum axle load is reduced. Shailesh A. It is done by reducing the grade, this is known as the grade compensation. A rocket flies at 120 m/s under a propulsion force of 3 000 N. ), route and stopping pattern. com 3 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 Power (hp) Speed (mph) TD-24S-AC (US Customary) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Power (kW). • The regenerative brake system pro-vides the power for the train heating and auxiliaries,e. Preface Chapter 1 Introduction to Highway Engineering and Traffic Analysis 1. An Analysis of Propulsion Technology in Electric Trains on the New Haven Line Daniel Delgado, Civil Engineering Nikodem Poplawski, Ph. The EMD SD90MAC is a 6,000 hp (4,470 kW) C-C diesel-electric locomotive produced by General Motors Electro-Motive Division. 5 inches plus 10% of the tire width for radial tires. In this case, the drawbar pull of our example vehicle is 2,547 pounds. If the rear wheels of the vehicle in Fig. Tomáš Fridrichovský Thesis supervisor: doc. 𝑊𝑓 = Weight @front wheel 𝑊𝑟 = Weight @rear wheel 𝐹 𝑓 =Traction force at front 𝐹 𝑟 =Traction force at rear 𝑅 𝑓 =Rolling resistance at front 𝑅 𝑟. 9 Principles of Braking 26 2. Calculate acceleration of car. TRACTION can be defined as the friction between a drive wheel and the surface it moves upon. this is also used to verify tractive effort of locomotive. ) So our first guess at a TE-vs-speed curve is a hyperbola; as speed decreases, the curve reaches 200,000 pounds at just under 8 mph, and a million pounds at 1. Tractive effort = 510KN Breaking force for Axle = 25% of Axle load (245. To move one ton on level track (e. MACHINE POWER ENCE 420 ©Assakkaf Slide No. Based on the EV desired performances, the induction motor optimal power can be calculated. Shailesh A. Some basic formula for the calucation of various dynamics of vehicle…. Grande do Sul, Albaqualfan and a Paleudult were studied. 5 Grade Resistance 14 2. A = area of the piston as we have a 2-inch diameter cylinder Table I shows the area to be 3. PERFORMANCE OF ROAD VEHICLES HOMEWORK #3 SOLUTIONS Solution 1: a) As mentioned in the previous homework solution, the tractive effort characteristic for a vehicle shows similar behavior with the supplied engine torque behavior. Hrushikesh B. CALCULATION OF TRACTIVE EFFORT Power at 3 / 4,5 km/h (n mech. Haulage: Application of different underground methods of haulage and the equipment used. Total Tractive Effort is the net horizontal force applied by the drive wheels to the ground. Tractive effort is the force exerted against the roadway surface to allow a vehicle to move forward. Centripetal and centrifugal acceleration - forces due to circular motion. Drive control, vehicle control. The application of D’Alembert’s principle is thus the application of Newton’s second and third laws of motion with the inertial reaction ma, considered as an external force. The maximum permissible traction force that can be applied to the wheels is governed by two things: the weight of the vehicle and the adhesion coefficient. Tractive Force Calculation for a Vehicle Tractive force or tractive effort or traction is the force applied between the tire and road surface to move a car or any vehicle for that matter. Power in KW = Tractive effort (in KN) * Train speed (in m/s) / Combined propulsion equipment efficiency. effort will accelerate the vehicle. Tractive effort is influenced by the friction coefficient, which is the ratio of torque and wheel or axle load (mass). If you know what a locomotive weighs, then you get the starting tractive effort by multiplying the weight by the adhesion, for example if the locomotive weighs 429,000 pounds and has a nominal adhesion of 35%, then it's starting tractive effort is 429,000 * 0.